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Leverage Ratios

A series of ratios that measure the extent to which a firm has been financed by debt.

Leveraged Buy-Out

The "takeover" or acquisition of a company largely accomplished through the use of borrowed money.


Obligations that a company has outstanding and include such items as long-term debt, deferred income taxes, and accounts payable.

Limit (Limited Order or Limited Price Order)

An order given to a stockbroker regarding the conditions of a proposed security purchase or sale. A trade with a limit order will only occur if the particular security is trading at a specific price or better.


The process of dissolving a company whereby the firm's assets are sold and distributed to creditors and shareholders.

Liquidity Ratios

A series of ratios that measure the liquidity, or cash generating ability, or a firm.

Listed Stock

A stock that is listed for trading on an organized stock exchange.


The sales charge levied on investors by some mutual funds.

Long Position

A financial term that denotes ownership of a security. For example, an investor who is long 100 shares of IBM is an investor who owns 100 shares of IBM.

Long-Term Debt as a Percentage of Capital Ratio

A ratio calculated by dividing a firm's long-term debt by the sum of the firm's shareholders' equity and long-term debt. The greater the percentage, the greater level of debt the firm has assumed relative to the investment shareholders have made in the company. A long-term debt as a percentage of a capital ratio of over 50% indicates more than a fair degree of leverage.

Long-Term Debt As A Percentage of Capital Ratio = Long-Term Debt
Shareholders' Equity + Long-Term Debt

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